Displays and modifies entries in the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) cache, which contains one or more tables that are used to store IP addresses and their resolved Ethernet or Token Ring physical addresses. There is a separate table for each Ethernet or Token Ring network adapter installed on your computer. Used without parameters, arp displays help.
Displays all current TCP/IP network configuration values and refreshes Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Domain Name System (DNS) settings. Used without parameters, ipconfig displays the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway for all adapters.
Displays active TCP connections, ports on which the computer is listening, Ethernet statistics, the IP routing table, IPv4 statistics (for the IP, ICMP, TCP, and UDP protocols), and IPv6 statistics (for the IPv6, ICMPv6, TCP over IPv6, and UDP over IPv6 protocols). Used without parameters, netstat displays active TCP connections.
Displays information that you can use to diagnose Domain Name System (DNS) infrastructure. Before using this tool, you should be familiar with how DNS works. The Nslookup command-line tool is available only if you have installed the TCP/IP protocol.
Verifies IP-level connectivity to another TCP/IP computer by sending Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request messages. The receipt of corresponding Echo Reply messages are displayed, along with round-trip times. Ping is the primary TCP/IP command used to troubleshoot connectivity, reachability, and name resolution. Used without parameters, ping displays help.
Determines the path taken to a destination by sending Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request messages to the destination with incrementally increasing Time to Live (TTL) field values. The path displayed is the list of near-side router interfaces of the routers in the path between a source host and a destination. The near-side interface is the interface of the router that is closest to the sending host in the path. Used without parameters, tracert displays help.
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PS C:\Windows\system32> tracert google.com
Tracing route to google.com [2a00:1450:400e:801::200e]
over a maximum of 30 hops:
1 72 ms <1 ms <1 ms 2a02:578:4709:1:21d:aaff:fed3:ac80
2 16 ms 16 ms 16 ms 2a02:578:1000:5::1
3 9 ms 8 ms 9 ms 2a02:578:1:4c::1
4 9 ms 9 ms 9 ms router01.sn.be.edpnet.net [2a02:578:1:e::1]
5 13 ms 13 ms 15 ms router03.adamtel.nl.edpnet.net [2a02:578:1:1d::1]
6 14 ms 13 ms 13 ms amsix-router.google.com [2001:7f8:1::a501:5169:1]
7 14 ms 13 ms * 2001:4860:0:f8b::1
8 13 ms 14 ms 13 ms 2001:4860:0:1::1561
9 13 ms 13 ms 13 ms ams15s22-in-x0e.1e100.net [2a00:1450:400e:801::200e]